TY - JOUR

T1 - Shearing of loose granular materials

T2 - A statistical mesoscopic model

AU - Török, János

AU - Krishnamurthy, Supriya

AU - Kertész, János

AU - Roux, Stéphane

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - A two-dimensional lattice model for the formation and evolution of shear bands in granular media is proposed. Each lattice site is assigned a random variable which reflects the local density. At every time step, the strain is localized along a single shear band which is a spanning path on the lattice chosen through an extremum condition. The dynamics consists of randomly changing the “density” of the sites only along the shear band, and then repeating the procedure of locating the extremal path and changing it. Starting from an initially uncorrelated density field, it is found that this dynamics leads to a slow compaction along with a nontrivial patterning of the system, with high-density regions forming which shelter long-lived low-density valleys. Further, as a result of these large density fluctuations, the shear band, which was initially equally likely to be found anywhere on the lattice, gets progressively trapped for longer and longer periods of time. This state is, however, metastable, and the system continues to evolve slowly in a manner reminiscent of glassy dynamics. Several quantities have been studied numerically which support this picture and elucidate the unusual system-size effects involved.

AB - A two-dimensional lattice model for the formation and evolution of shear bands in granular media is proposed. Each lattice site is assigned a random variable which reflects the local density. At every time step, the strain is localized along a single shear band which is a spanning path on the lattice chosen through an extremum condition. The dynamics consists of randomly changing the “density” of the sites only along the shear band, and then repeating the procedure of locating the extremal path and changing it. Starting from an initially uncorrelated density field, it is found that this dynamics leads to a slow compaction along with a nontrivial patterning of the system, with high-density regions forming which shelter long-lived low-density valleys. Further, as a result of these large density fluctuations, the shear band, which was initially equally likely to be found anywhere on the lattice, gets progressively trapped for longer and longer periods of time. This state is, however, metastable, and the system continues to evolve slowly in a manner reminiscent of glassy dynamics. Several quantities have been studied numerically which support this picture and elucidate the unusual system-size effects involved.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037237577&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.67.021303

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.67.021303

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0038733816

SN - 1063-651X

VL - 67

SP - 11

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

IS - 2

ER -