TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactive random walkers on complex networks

AU - Cencetti, Giulia

AU - Battiston, Federico

AU - Fanelli, Duccio

AU - Latora, Vito

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Physical Society.

PY - 2018/11/5

Y1 - 2018/11/5

N2 - We introduce and study a metapopulation model of random walkers interacting at the nodes of a complex network. The model integrates random relocation moves over the links of the network with local interactions depending on the node occupation probabilities. The model is highly versatile, as the motion of the walkers depends on the topological properties of the nodes, such as their degree, while any general nonlinear function of the occupation probability of a node can be considered as local reaction term. In addition to this, the relative strength of reaction and relocation can be tuned at will, depending on the specific application being examined. We derive an analytical expression for the occupation probability of the walkers at equilibrium in the most general case. We show that it depends on different order derivatives of the local reaction functions, on the degree of a node, and on the average degree of its neighbors at various distances. For such a reason, reactive random walkers are very sensitive to the structure of a network and are a powerful way to detect network properties such as symmetries or degree-degree correlations. As possible applications, we first discuss how the occupation probability of reactive random walkers can be used to define novel measures of functional centrality for the nodes of a network. We then illustrate how network components with the same symmetries can be revealed by tracking the evolution of reactive walkers. Finally, we show that the dynamics of our model is influenced by the presence of degree-degree correlations, so that assortative and disassortative networks can be classified by quantitative indicators based on reactive walkers.

AB - We introduce and study a metapopulation model of random walkers interacting at the nodes of a complex network. The model integrates random relocation moves over the links of the network with local interactions depending on the node occupation probabilities. The model is highly versatile, as the motion of the walkers depends on the topological properties of the nodes, such as their degree, while any general nonlinear function of the occupation probability of a node can be considered as local reaction term. In addition to this, the relative strength of reaction and relocation can be tuned at will, depending on the specific application being examined. We derive an analytical expression for the occupation probability of the walkers at equilibrium in the most general case. We show that it depends on different order derivatives of the local reaction functions, on the degree of a node, and on the average degree of its neighbors at various distances. For such a reason, reactive random walkers are very sensitive to the structure of a network and are a powerful way to detect network properties such as symmetries or degree-degree correlations. As possible applications, we first discuss how the occupation probability of reactive random walkers can be used to define novel measures of functional centrality for the nodes of a network. We then illustrate how network components with the same symmetries can be revealed by tracking the evolution of reactive walkers. Finally, we show that the dynamics of our model is influenced by the presence of degree-degree correlations, so that assortative and disassortative networks can be classified by quantitative indicators based on reactive walkers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056523180&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.98.052302

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.98.052302

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85056523180

SN - 2470-0045

VL - 98

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

IS - 5

M1 - 052302

ER -