TY - JOUR

T1 - Local topological moves determine global diffusion properties of hyperbolic higher-order networks

AU - Millán, Ana P.

AU - Ghorbanchian, Reza

AU - Defenu, Nicolò

AU - Battiston, Federico

AU - Bianconi, Ginestra

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Physical Society.

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - From social interactions to the human brain, higher-order networks are key to describe the underlying network geometry and topology of many complex systems. While it is well known that network structure strongly affects its function, the role that network topology and geometry has on the emerging dynamical properties of higher-order networks is yet to be clarified. In this perspective, the spectral dimension plays a key role since it determines the effective dimension for diffusion processes on a network. Despite its relevance, a theoretical understanding of which mechanisms lead to a finite spectral dimension, and how this can be controlled, still represents a challenge and is the object of intense research. Here, we introduce two nonequilibrium models of hyperbolic higher-order networks and we characterize their network topology and geometry by investigating the intertwined appearance of small-world behavior, δ-hyperbolicity, and community structure. We show that different topological moves, determining the nonequilibrium growth of the higher-order hyperbolic network models, induce tuneable values of the spectral dimension, showing a rich phenomenology which is not displayed in random graph ensembles. In particular, we observe that, if the topological moves used to construct the higher-order network increase the area/volume ratio, then the spectral dimension continuously decreases, while the opposite effect is observed if the topological moves decrease the area/volume ratio. Our work reveals a new link between the geometry of a network and its diffusion properties, contributing to a better understanding of the complex interplay between network structure and dynamics.

AB - From social interactions to the human brain, higher-order networks are key to describe the underlying network geometry and topology of many complex systems. While it is well known that network structure strongly affects its function, the role that network topology and geometry has on the emerging dynamical properties of higher-order networks is yet to be clarified. In this perspective, the spectral dimension plays a key role since it determines the effective dimension for diffusion processes on a network. Despite its relevance, a theoretical understanding of which mechanisms lead to a finite spectral dimension, and how this can be controlled, still represents a challenge and is the object of intense research. Here, we introduce two nonequilibrium models of hyperbolic higher-order networks and we characterize their network topology and geometry by investigating the intertwined appearance of small-world behavior, δ-hyperbolicity, and community structure. We show that different topological moves, determining the nonequilibrium growth of the higher-order hyperbolic network models, induce tuneable values of the spectral dimension, showing a rich phenomenology which is not displayed in random graph ensembles. In particular, we observe that, if the topological moves used to construct the higher-order network increase the area/volume ratio, then the spectral dimension continuously decreases, while the opposite effect is observed if the topological moves decrease the area/volume ratio. Our work reveals a new link between the geometry of a network and its diffusion properties, contributing to a better understanding of the complex interplay between network structure and dynamics.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85119999613&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.104.054302

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.104.054302

M3 - Article

C2 - 34942729

AN - SCOPUS:85119999613

SN - 2470-0045

VL - 104

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics

IS - 5

M1 - 054302

ER -